Abbreviations, Acronyms and Terminology in the World of Learning English

Error Saving Reaction

Abbreviations, Acronyms and Terminology in the World of Learning English

Once you have started out to teach TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) lessons or if you are simply interested in the basics, you will encounter important terms that are usually abbreviated. These terms are essential when you want to communicate with your trainer and teacher associates. Teaching English as a second language has its own vocabulary, so it is wise to take notes:


  • EFL is short for English as A Foreign Language. This term is commonly used for students, usually a non-native English speaker, learning the English language in a non-English speaking country.
  • TEFL means Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Usually, this is a term relevant to the teacher who teaches the English language in a non-English speaking country.
  • ESL stands for English as A Second Language. This term is used when a non-English speaking native is learning the English language in an English-speaking country. Immigrants studying English in the United States are commonly called ESL students.
  • ESOL is for English for Speakers of Other Languages. This is a broad term, which is almost always inclusive of ESL and EFL.
  • TOEFL simply refers to Test of English as a Foreign Language.


In addition, here are important teacher terms you need to be familiar with:


  • L2 is an abbreviation for "second language". Usually the term refers to students speaking a second language.
  • Task-based Learning is a teaching methodology. In ESL, as a student, you are given open-ended tasks, wherein you are given a problem to solve or a goal to accomplish. You are given the freedom to accomplish this task at your own approach.
  • Sheltered Instruction refers to giving instructions custom-tailored to the needs or characteristics of specific students. For TEFL or ESL teachers, this means giving content-based instructions to non-English speaking natives in simplified English.
  • Affective Feedback is a teaching method with the purpose of promoting student participation. This happens when teachers show signs of interest in their students' learning comprehension and understanding. This is usually done in a form of encouragement by using facial expressions, intonations, and body language so that the student will be more willing to proactively ask questions if they do not understand the lesson.
  • Student-centered Learning (or Learner-centered) is a methodology of teaching which gives responsibility to the ones studying. This method translates into activities and methods which are centered on the students. Group work is an example of a student-centered activity. A student's input on what the curriculum will be is another example.
  • Teacher-centered Learning is the traditional form of studying as we know it. Basically, this means that the teacher will decide how the class will be run, what the class will be learning and what is to be tested with little input from the students.


The world of learning English, in many aspects, has its own "language game." Needless to say, teachers and students of English must also be familiar with these terminologies to make the most out of their experiences.


Views: 442
Author: Regular Articles

Jayson Pino Guevarra is currently the Chief Research and Development Officer of Executive English, an international company which assists global communication through the efficient use of technology. Executive English brings together people who want to learn English online, professionals who are qualified to handle English teaching jobs, and expert providers of online learning support [] for distance education.

Tell a friend
Average rating:
(1 votes)
Average rating from Reviews:
(0 votes)

Write a review


Zacks Industry Outlook Highlights: Freeport-McMoRan, Newmont Mining, Golden Star Resources, Randgold Resources and Kinross Gold

Zacks Industry Outlook Highlights: Freeport-McMoRan, Newmont Mining, Golden Star Resources, Randgold Resources and Kinross Gold Read More

Gold Mining Stock Outlook - Sept. 2017

Gold Mining Stock Outlook - Sept. 2017 Read More

Why Freeport-McMoran (FCX) Stock Might be a Great Pick

Freeport-McMoran (FCX) is seeing solid earnings estimate revision activity, and is a great company from a Zacks Industry Rank perspective. Read More

Friend of slain Georgia Tech student: 'If Scout was more gender-conforming, would it have been different?'

Scout Schultz, a Georgia Tech student, was shot by campus police on Saturday night, and a protest two days later led to arrests. In the aftermath of those events, Yahoo Lifestyle talked to a friend... Read More

How to Make Healthy Leftover Turkey Tacos

These tacos get a healthy makeover by using turkey as the main lean protein. It all comes together with some beans, avocado, and a little cheese. Watch the video to learn how to make this easy... Read More

Little People, Big World's Audrey Roloff Just Gave Birth to Her First Child

It's a girl! Read More

Mel Brooks: ‘Blazing Saddles’ Would Never Be Made in Today’s ‘Stupidly Politically Correct’ Culture

“Blazing Saddles” may be a groundbreaking comedy, but director Mel Brooks doesn’t think Hollywood would make the iconic Western parody in this current “stupidly politically correct” climate. The... Read More

Box Office: 'Kingsman: The Golden Circle' Unseats 'It' as 'Lego Ninjago' Disappoints

Kingsman: The Golden Circle is the new ruler of the box office. The sequel from Fox is expected to earn $39 million this weekend from 4,003 locations. That’s slightly below where tracking had... Read More

Bradley Cooper-Lady Gaga’s ‘Star Is Born’ Moves to May 2018

Warner Bros.’ “A Star Is Born” remake starring Stefani Germanotta (Lady Gaga) and Bradley Cooper, who is also directing, is moving up its release to May 18, 2018. The pic was originally set to open... Read More

White House officials defend Trump, say athletes 'can do free speech on their own time'

Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin defended Trump’s call for NFL players who kneel during the national anthem to be suspended or fired. “It’s not about free speech,” Mnucin said Sunday. “They can do... Read More

In wake of U.N. speech, Kim calls Trump a ‘dotard.’ Trump fires back at ‘madman.’

President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un have unleashed personal attacks on one another after the U.S. commander in chief’s speech at the United Nations. “Kim Jong Un of North Korea,... Read More

As Russia probe turns to fake Facebook ads, Trump follows with a tweet

President Trump continued his efforts to belittle accusations of Russian meddling in the 2016 election on Friday, turning to the latest set of charges, involving targeted political ads placed on... Read More

Reluctant champion: How Nadia Murad has become the international face of Yazidi suffering – and resilience

Weeks earlier, Nadia Murad had been ripped from her village by Islamic State (ISIS) fighters who murdered her family and took her captive. Along with other young Yazidi women, she was transported... Read More

Readers write: The work of downsizing, evidence of climate change, hopeful coverage on famine

Regarding the Aug. 21 Monitor Daily story “Home prices, and a thought shift, give ‘small living’ a boost”: Interesting concept. My friend has done it, downsizing and living in a tiny apartment.... Read More

Time for the world to step up on Rohingya issue, Aung San Suu Kyi’s astounding hypocrisy, Irma’s destruction in Britain’s Caribbean islands, The US should stop saber rattling, On the Nadal-Federer comeback

“It is high time the world made an all-out effort to stop the ongoing pogrom against Myanmar’s minority Rohingya...,” writes Mohammad Amjad Hossain. “The pogrom resembles those crimes perpetrated... Read More