Engineers turn scientific theory and principle into practical #applications. They plan and develop much of the modern world from electric motors and smartphones to ships, buildings and power plants. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts that general demand for these professionals will grow by about 8.6 percent from 2012 to 2022. This is less than the 11 percent increase that is projected for all other occupations, but Demand for the top five engineering disciplines is far greater than these two percentages would indicate and offer stable, long term demand and career growth potential.
As a senior engineering advancing your career and/or a new engineering graduate looking for a first career opportunity; focusing your career into one of these engineering disciplines will allow you to garner he greatest opportunity for advancement and higher pay in the future.
Civil engineers can look forward to employment growth of 20 percent because a growing population requires the infrastructure that they build, including power plans, highways, water treatment plants, and harbors. Much of the growth will be in projects that harness renewable energy, such as solar or wind farms. In addition to managing projects, civil engineers must ensure that all their developments meet all federal, state, and local regulations.
The public's growing concerns about the natural world is one of the drivers behind the expected 15 percent increase in environmental engineering positions. These positions combine chemistry, biology, and engineering to solve pollution problems, improve recycling capabilities, and mitigate damage to the environment. Expertise in water use is particularly valuable as many sources of the required liquid are drying up.
Mining and Geological
Mining and geological engineers design the mines and methods for efficiently and safely extracting metals, coals, and precious stones from the ground. The BLS sees their employment growing at around 12 percent because the demand for rare earths is heating up due to advancing technology. In addition, federal regulations allowing access to coal deposits in new areas require the expertise of these professionals.
Despite rapid advances in alternative energy, much of the world's power and transportation is fueled by oil and gas. So it's no surprise that the predicted demand for petroleum engineers is 26 percent. They find more efficient ways of extracting fossil fuels from the earth. An increasing population that needs more energy is driving the increases. New methods are also being developed to cost-effectively pull out oil from existing wells and from previously untouched locations, such as under the sea.
With a much faster than average projected job spike of 27 percent, #biomedical specialists rank as the most in-demand engineering professionals. They create the devices that conquer disease and improve health. Much of their growth is due to an aging baby boom population that is living longer and is expecting to stay healthy for most of their lives. Technological advances in health care are also providing more opportunities for these professionals.