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"National long-term Education Reform and Development Plan, "a publicly available exposure draft, which caused great concern educators, director of Hunan Provincial Education Department of flat sheets that outline a clear plan from 2010 to 2020 guiding the development of education reform, policy work, strategy objectives, development tasks and security measures, but China's economic development mode and the objective reality of economic restructuring, and the urgent need to examine the need to Vocational Education A more prominent position.
Zhang Fang-ping, China's economic and social development to this stage, skilled Talent Particularly high quality skilled personnel made more urgent requirements. Vocational education bears the important task of training skilled personnel, and general education must be placed in the position of equal importance to planning. On the overall situation of education development, professional education is still very weak links. Inadequate attention to vocational education, lack of inputs, vocational education, basic capabilities are very weak, and development is faced with many difficulties. To change this situation, key to solve the two problems.
First, high school education should make efforts to promote structural adjustment of the layout. According to statistics, in 2008, 15,206 high schools nationwide, students at 2476.28 million secondary vocational education, a total of 14,847 schools, students at 2087.09 million. As the number of senior secondary school education ones, schools generally small scale, low efficiency, running hard, and the contradiction between supply and demand of the growing Enrollment, enrollment in secondary vocational schools is extremely difficult, if not adjust the layout and structure of high school education, secondary vocational education will face The new round of serious landslides. Therefore, the Plan should be to adjust the layout of high school education, school reform and innovation as an important part of universal high school education as an important measure. In accordance with changes in population and new students to set reasonable high school education schools, some poor, small scale, low levels of high school education at schools, should be determined to be merge orderly adjustment to high school education by optimizing the allocation of resources improve the school's senior high school education level and overall efficiency, speed up the process of universal high school education.
The second is to effectively optimize the structure of higher education and professional level. Currently, college graduates Employment Difficult, but highly skilled personnel, especially shortage of skilled personnel is still not eased the conflicts, human structural imbalance of supply and demand, essentially reflecting the education structure is irrational. Recommended general university in transition, the state four-year undergraduate pilot demonstration vocational appropriate channels such as the development of vocational undergraduate education. At the same time, to take effective measures to speed up the degree education, and economic and social development efforts to form a suitable structure of higher education.
Zhang Fang-ping said that the planning outline: "By 2020, the formation of the development of ways to adapt to changes and economic restructuring demands for lifelong education, secondary and higher vocational education, coordinated development of modern vocational education system." But how to build a modern vocational education system is not specific, is not clear, the lack of maneuverability. The core of the problem is to build Vocational Education in the "Overpass", specifically, to change the current vocational education "decapitated" the status of education, building from other?? College?? Undergraduate?? Complete modern professional graduate education career education system.
To solve this problem, the core is to reform the current system of higher education enrollment, we must first allow the institutional autonomy of higher enrollment in secondary vocational school graduates. Currently, the State Higher Vocational School of model does not allow self-enrollment program enrollment of secondary vocational school graduates is clearly incompatible with the goal of education reform, the state should formulate relevant policies to allow the State Model Vocational, higher out of provincial model part of the plan independently recruit graduates of secondary vocational schools.
Second, we must reform Enrollment Test Approach. Whether the level Vocational High School, or vocational bachelor graduates should be to assess your ability to practice professional skills in particular, dominated. Examination of postgraduate practical ability should also be put on the important position of examinations.
Third, we must work towards vocational education and vocational training in communication and convergence, the full implementation of credit system reform, the implementation of the school, between academic education and vocational training credits mutual recognition of professional experience allow Graduation born in the study and obtain corresponding credits to obtain high-level diploma. Interface between the real structures in vocational, vocational education and vocational training to communicate with each other, general education and vocational education to train people to communicate with each other, "overpass."